Water Crisis creates a need for alternative water source in many events of emergency situations around the world. So, how can we cope with this situation? What should I do now? And finally, could I sleep well?
The key to guarantee a suitable answer to a crisis is a good preparation.
If you do it, you will be able to handle yourself when a crisis happens, due to natural disaster or any other scenario, until the government will get to you.
However, the water utilities along with the municipal authorities have the obligation to supply water in a water crisis. These utilities plan and implement the water supplement during a crisis in alternative ways, at any time, anywhere and in every scenario so that every person will have the sufficient amount of water to survive.
The National Water Authority of Israel, through its water security unit, is the regulator that educates these organizations how to be prepared to water crisis and supervise them by exercising and periodic reviews. It needs to be noted that Israel is thought to be the world leader in the field of water (research, development, animal removal company and production) and is a role model throughout the world, because of its preparations for earthquake, war situations, terror acts and natural or manmade catastrophes.
The preparations of the water utilities are based on a full plan of water supply in an assortment of scenarios. This plan includes three phases: preparation, advice and handling the crisis. The plan is “tailor made” for each water utility and municipality. The principles for AWS are based on forming procedures, embracing new technologies that help to prevent water crisis, equipping with water supply means (tankers, water fountains etc.) and instructing and exercising the manpower appointed to the mission both from the management level and the field level.
There is a vital importance that the provider will be prepared based on the specific structure of its water system, its physical and population surface that it serves at. There’s a major difference between a hill region, sparsely populated and a metropolis that’s dense and full of skyscrapers. A small city in the periphery is not like a big city that occupies hundreds of thousands of employees, who do not actually live in it. A city which its principal supplier is the national water provider will be treated differently from a city with water supply from local wells. The essence of the physical surface has an effect on the way that the water will be provided in emergency, on the chances of getting assistance from neighboring cities, available water resources and more. Each surface has its own challenges which should get the proper and comprehensive solutions. I will examine these challenges on another report.
In conclusion- the state of Israel is doing a lot to make sure its ability to supply water during a crisis and sets a high standard. Nonetheless it’s the responsibility of every resident to make certain he has the sufficient quantity of water at home so he could survive by himself in a crisis.